Pakistan Learning Festival

Historial Places of Bahawalpur

Noor Mahal
zubaeda_mustafa The palace is one hundred and forty years old and was built by Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan the Fourth for his wife Noor but she spend only one night in this awesome palace. The design of this building was curated by Mr. Hennan, who was an Englishman and a state engineer and construction began in 1872.
Mahals of Bahawalpur
zubaeda_mustafa On 19th of May, 1904 Nawab Bahawal Khan (V) approved to establish some more palaces including Gulzar Palace, Nishat Palace and Farukh Palace which are the most famous palaces of them all. Darbar Mahal and Gulzar Mahal are based on beautiful buildings having too many doors.
Dubai Mahal
zubaeda_mustafa Off limits to the public, Dubai Palace belongs to the Amir of Dubai, who sometimes uses it as his base for winter falconry sorties into Cholistan. Rumor has it that the amir has thrown lavish parties here for 500 guests at one time.
Fort Dawar
zubaeda_mustafa Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar) is in good condition, its walls are intact and still guarded by soldiers in fezes. Its age is unknown. The tombs of the Amirs of Bahawalpur are also at Derawar, decorated with attractive blue glazed tiles contrasting with the ochre landscape. Some of the cannons which were used times ago by the Army of Bahawalpur are also kept in this fort.
zubaeda_mustafa Bahawalpur zoo was set up in 1942 by the former Aamir of Bahawalpur. In 1955 after the adjacency of the state of Bahawalpur with Pakistan the administration of the zoo was entrusted to the Department of Agriculture. From 1977 to 1982 the zoological garden remained under the governance of the Department of the Live Stock Punjab.
Bahawalpur Victoria Hospital
zubaeda_mustafa Bahawal Victoria Hospital (BVH) located in Bahawalpur, Pakistan, started functioning as a Civil Hospital with an outdoor department and a dispensary and an operating theatre in 1876. In 1906 this health unit was named Bahawal Victoria Hospital. Now it is a hub of clinical expertise both in specialties as well as in sub-specialties with a multitude of patients visiting the hospital.
Medical College Bahawalpur
zubaeda_mustafa Quaid-e-Azam Medical College was affiliated to Bahawal Victoria Hospital.Lord Viscount Wavell, the then viceroy of India, inaugurated this historic Institution. A Nursing School was added in 1952. Classes leading to L.S.M.F were started here in 1956. In 1950 the specialties of Surgery, Medicine, Radiology, Gynecology, Pathology and Ophthalmology were established.
Chanan Pir Tomb
zubaeda_mustafa Channan Pir is a village in the Punjab province of Pakistan, it is named after a Sufi saint and contains his tomb. It is located between the Derawar and Din Gargh forts[1] and lies a few kilometres from Yazman town, and in the start of the Cholistan desert.
Lal Suhanra
zubaeda_mustafa About 40 km to the east of Bahawalpur, Lal Sohanra National Park is basically a British timber forest spread over an area of over an area of 77,500 acres on both sides of the Bahawal Canal. The forest is so planned that each plantation matures in 40 years and is then cut. There are a number of tourist huts, rest-houses, camping grounds and treks for the visitors. The best attraction is the lion safari to see the lions in their natural habitat from close quarters
Jame Masjid Bahawalpur
zubaeda_mustafa it was made by the Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V at the elevation of more than 12 feet from earth. It can house 50,000 to 60,000 people at a time, during the Eid Festivals. It is a well-reputed Mosque in Pakistan like other prominent Mosques of Pakistan.
Mahal Dolat Khana
zubaeda_mustafa The Mahal Dolat Khana was established by Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbassi (IV). The construction of the building was started in 1881 and was completed in 1886. The total expenditures of constructing this Palace were two lac rupees. A big box was placed in front of the Kingly door of the Dolat Khana Palace and the key of the box was kept by His Highness.
Because this box was especially for those people who wanted to put their applications in it. This box was opened daily in the morning by His Highness himself and the applications were considered. His Highness acted according to the problems of the people written in the applications.
A huge wall was put up all around the Palace and a beautiful garden was inside all around the wall. During the construction of the Dolat Khana Palace the buildings of Baghi Khana, Tosha Khana and Rath Khana were also prepared.
A pool which was 400 feet in length and 150 feet in width was also prepared and in front of this a beautiful Mosque was prepared only using wood stuff. Due to bad condition of the mosque after a century it was renewed by Sahibzada Qamar-Uz-Zaman Abbassi in 1981.
The mother of Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbassi (V) was resident in this palace till 1913.This palace is the birth palace of Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbassi (V). He was born on 30th of September 1904.
Satlaj Valley Project Scheme
zubaeda_mustafa Sutlej valley project was one of the greatest gift by Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbassi to the State of Bahawalpur. In 1921 Secretary of the State suggested the Sutlej valley project.
According to this project new canals should emit by making dams on three rivers and these canals should supply water to a huge area of the State. These dams are called Head Sulemanki, Head Islam and Head Punjnad.
This project was started in 1922to 1933 and it was divided into four groups. It was started like this that Ferozpur Sulemanki, Islam and punjnad should flow water on permanent and non-permanent basis. The appropriate cost of this project was 33 crores and 31 lacs at the end of 1933 out of which 14 crores were provided by the State of Bahawalpur.Two crores were paid from the treasure of the State and the left amount was paid by taking loan from the government. Due to this project scheme 20 lacs and 75 thousands acers of land out of 51 lacs and 8 thousands were provided with canal water on permanent basis.
The left 30 lacs and 33 thousands of land were populated on non-permanent basis. The canals flowing from Head Punjnad have a good amount of water but the canals flowing from Head Islam and Head Sulemanki have a low amount of water. According to calculations this project has been profitable for the State of Bahawalpur.
History of Uch Sharif
zubaeda_mustafa It is worth making a small visit to Uch Sharif or (Uch Shareef), a very ancient place which still has some beautiful mosques and tombs. Its great period of glory came in the 13th century, when it was together with multan, a center of political and cultural activites. The architecture of the mausoleums and mosques still standing in uch is refreshing and attractive, reflecting a central Asian influence, with superb blue and white glazed tiles, not similar to those in multan and Bahawalpur. Sadly many of the tombs are in poor condition.

Uch has been associated by some authorities with one of the many Alexandrias built by Alexander on his way down the indus in 325 Bc. Arrian, the military historian writing in 2nd century AD, records that 'Alexander ordered a city to built at the confluence of the two rivers, imagining that by the advantage of such a situation, it would become rich and prosperous'. The of this city sent to Alexander 100 brave and noble men as hostages besides 500 war chariots with their drivers and horses fully caparisoned. Alexander was so touched by this gesture that he returned the hostages, but not the chariots.

In the 7th century Uch was part of kingdom of the barhmin ruler chach (who may or may not have invented chess), and then fell to the Arab invader Muhammad Bin Qasim in 712 after a siege of seven days. Five centuries later came its period of glory as a great religious centre.

The tombs are either square or domed. The tomb of Bibi Jawindi is the most complete, octagonal in shape and with every inch decorated with faience blue and white tiles. The later tomb of Jaial Surkh Bukhari is unusual in that it has a superb wooden roof painted in lacquer, perdominantly red and blue. The tomb of Baha'al Halim has horizontal stripes of blue and white faience tiles, although little of it remains.

From Uch you can cross the confluence of the sutlej and chenab river to Alipur and then turn north for Muzaffargarh. Here you have to find the road to the east to cross the chenab river again to take you to Multan or you can turn south-east and rejoin the main road to Bahawalpur.
Religious people from all over the Pakistan often visit Uch Sharf
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